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• India is one of the world’s most populous countries, with a population of over 1.3 billion people.
• The country has experienced rapid economic growth in recent years and is now the world’s fifth-largest economy.
• India also has a vibrant democracy, with elections held at regular intervals to choose leaders from various political parties.

Overview of India

India is one of the most populous countries in the world, with a population exceeding 1.3 billion people. It has achieved rapid economic growth in recent years and is now the fifth-largest economy globally. Additionally, it features an active political system that holds democratic elections regularly to select leaders from various competing political parties.

Demographic Statistics

Over 70% of Indians are Hindus, while 14% follow Islam as their religion; other religions include Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism. With more than 20 official languages recognized by the Indian Constitution, Hindi and English are widely spoken throughout the country while other regional dialects continue to be commonly used in certain areas. Furthermore, India boasts an impressive literacy rate of 74%.

Economic Performance

India’s GDP per capita surpassed $1,800 for 2019–2020 according to World Bank data; this number continues to rise annually as its economy continues on its upward trajectory. The nation’s manufacturing sector comprises nearly 19% of its total GDP and employs around 44 million workers; major industries include textiles and apparel manufacturing as well as petroleum refining and pharmaceutical production amongst others. Meanwhile foreign direct investment (FDI) into India totaled US$42 billion in 2019–2020 according to government data released for that financial year ending 31 March 2020 — making it one of the top FDI destinations globally during this period..

Political System

Indian politics revolves around two main ideologies: secularism and nationalistic pride for all citizens regardless of religious or ethnic differences across caste boundaries which allows different social groups to coexist peacefully within society at large . The federal government consists mainly out elected politicians who represent local constituencies at both state level assembly or national level parliament – depending on election results every five years . In addition , there are numerous independent organizations like Election Commission Of India (ECI) which oversees all voting procedures while maintaining neutrality fairness among rivals contesting any polls .

Cultural Diversity

India is known for its vibrant culture which includes traditional dance forms such as Bharatanatyam , folk music genres including Bhangra or Rajasthani music popularized recently by Bollywood movies . Furthermore , regional cuisines vary widely across states due largely due influence from neighboring countries like Pakistan , Bangladesh Nepal etcetera . Finally traditional sports like kabaddi cricket remain immensely popular despite growing popularity western sports like football basketball being adopted by younger generations today